U.S. Census Bureau COVID-19 Pulse Surveys
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.S. Census Bureau has created two experimental, short-term surveys to help evaluate the effects of business closures and stay-at-home orders in the United States.
Household Pulse Survey
The Household Pulse Survey is a 20-minute, online survey meant to assess how individuals, families, and communities are being affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants are drawn from randomly selected addresses, and respondents may be asked to complete the survey up to three times to track the effect of the pandemic on households over time. Invited participants will be contacted via email or text message. If you have been asked to participate, learn more here.
There are currently three planned phases of the Household Pulse Survey. Results for Phase 1 of the survey were released weekly, and results from Phases 2 and 3 were released every two weeks. Some of the questions asked in the survey changed between Phases 1 and 2.
Phase 1 of the survey included questions about employment status, consumer spending, food security, housing, education disruptions, and physical and mental health. This phase began on April 23, 2020 and ended on July 21, 2020.
Phases 2 and 3 carried over some of the same questions from Phase 1 and included questions on teleworking, the likelihood of eviction or foreclosure, household spending, and disruptions to post-secondary education. Phases 2 began on August 19, 2020 and ended on October 26, 2020. Phase 3 of the Household Pulse Survey began on October 28, 2020 and ended March 29, 2021.
Data collection for Phase 3.1 of the Household Pulse Survey began on April 14, 2021, and data will be released every two weeks through the beginning of July 2021. Phase 3.1 has introduced new content to the questionnaire. Questions related to telehealth, essential worker occupations, armed forces status, childcare, child preventive health, and disability were added and questions which were deemed no longer necessary were removed.
Census Bureau Interactive Data Visualization (Phases 2 and 3 only)
Census Bureau Data Tables Detailed data for all surveys available by age, gender, household income and many other statistics for each state.
Small Business Pulse Survey
The Small Business Pulse Survey is a short survey geared towards small business. The survey consists of 16 questions regarding changes in revenues and employees, shifting to other good/services, missed payments, and financial assistance. The survey targets nonfarm, single-location employer businesses with 1-499 employees and receipts of $1,000 or more. The first Small Business Pulse Survey was conducted April 26 – May 2, 2020. The Census Bureau will survey a random sample of small businesses and post weekly updates on Thursdays.
Data availability is subject to weekly response rates and disclosure avoidance policies. Therefore, the specific-industries and number of questions covered by a data release will vary on a week-to-week basis. When available, data for Hawaii’s industries will be posted here.
Invited participants will be contacted via email. If you have been asked to participate, learn more here.
|Industry||Weeks available||Data availability|
|NAICS 23– Construction||Week 6||Low||Download|
|NAICS 42– Wholesale Trade||Weeks 2-9||Medium||Download|
|NAICS 44– Retail Trade||Weeks 2, 5-6 & 8-9||Medium||Download|
|NAICS 53 — Real Estate and Rental and Leasing||Week 9||Low||Download|
|NAICS 54– Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services||Weeks 1-9||Medium||Download|
|NAICS 56– Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services||Weeks 2-3||Low||Download|
|NAICS 62– Health Care and Social Assistance||Weeks 2-3, 6-7 & 9||Medium||Download|
|NAICS 72– Accommodation and Food Services||Weeks 3 & 6-8||Medium||Download|
|NAICS 81– Other Services (except Public Administration)||Weeks 1 & 3||Low||Download|